Author Guidelines






All manuscripts submitted to our journal for publication should be prepared using softwares compatible with Microsoft Office based programs and sent online through Dergipark with final checklist (signed by corresponding author) and copyright release form (after signed by all authors) attached. No modification is possible in manuscripts after the final publication decision has been made. All responsibility for any mistakes still standing in the manuscrips after published belongs to the author/s. Additional corrections may be issued for errors arised from the publication committee.

Manuscripts must be prepared to comply with the following rules otherwise, they are turned down and returned to the author/s without any consideration for publication.       



1.    Manuscripts should be typed double spaced throughout using Microsoft Word Software on A4 papers (210 mm x 297 mm) with Calibri font 12 pt. and 3 cm margins on all sides.  

2.    All lines should be numbered in the left-hand margin and author affiliations should be blinded for the first time the manuscript has been submitted. 

3.    Manuscripts should include the following sections; Introduction, Material and Methods, Results and Discussion, Conclusions, Appendices (if needed), and References.   

4.    Title must be short, specific, and informative as well as typed using Calibri font 14 pt. bold and adjusted at the middle, each word starting with capital letter. Title should include no more than 15 words. English translation must be as close as possible to the title written in Turkish, typed using 12 pt font in bold. 

5.    Abstract: Title to the abstract must start next to the left-hand margin with no indentation. Abstract both in Turkish and English must be type using 10 pt. and include no more than 250 words. There must be no more than 5 key words placed underneath the abstracts (in Turkish and English).

6.   Introduction: This section should include the objective, justification and the scope of the research as well as previous works that directly relate to it. In this section the objective must be summarized, evaluating the current knowledge, based on relevant previous work and issues needed to develop new information should be emphasized and associated to the research. Finally, the aim of the study should be clearly stated.        

7.   Material and Methodology: This section should clearly include the material (either live or lifeless) used, methods applied, criteria evaluated, block designs or sampling methods used, and statistical analyses carried out as well as references backing the reasearch. New and modified methods should be well described so that researchers of the same specialization may have a chance to repeat the study. Subtitles may be used, if necessary, to serve this purpose.          

8.   Results and Discussion: Study findings must be demostrated clearly using tables and figures,  based on the results from statistical analyses. Findings of statistical importance should be interpreted using an appropriate comparison procedure suitable for the statistical anaysis technique applied in the study. Such statistics should be assigned letters to show the level of statistical importance. The same data should not be given both in tables and figures and thus the most appropriate tools need to be chosen, avoiding duplicate sentences and statements in written narration. İn the discussion section, comparisons should be made in terms of harmony and contrast with the previous studies and specific attention should be drawn to the lack of knowledge the study removes.

9.   Conclusions: This section should include concisely the final results and implications, if any, along with their contibution to the theory and practice. 

10Appendices: Institutions supporting the study should be cited in this section. Additional information should be given in the appendix section if the manuscript applied for publication in HJAFS has been based on theses and/or dissertations and if it has been presented in symposia.    

11. Photographs, graphics and drawings should be inserted in the manuscripts as “Figures” and tabulations be arranged as “Tables”. 

12.  Tables and Figures should be consecutively numbered (e.g., Figure 1 or Table 1 etc.),  with their contents typed using font 10 pt.

13. Titles of the rows and columns in Tables must be typed in bold and other sections typed  with plain letters.

14. Titles of Tables should be placed above and of Figures be placed below them.

15.  English translations to the titles of Tables and Figures must go right below their Turkish  counterparts, typed in italic (in case the manuscript has been drafted in English, Turkish translations of the titles of Tables and Figures must be included) such as;


Figure 1. The average temperature, average relative humidity and average monthly rainfall data detected in the research orchard (average of the years 2007-2011)

Şekil 1. Araştırma bahçesinde tespit edilen ortalama sıcaklık, ortalama nispi nem ve aylık  yağış miktarı ortalaması değerleri (2007-2011 yılları ortalaması)


Table 2. Phenological observation results of peach cultivars for between 2007 and 2011

Çizelge 2. Şeftali çeşitlerinin 2007 - 2011 yılları arasındaki fenolojik gözlem sonuçları


16. English translations to main parameters found in Tables and Figures must go under these parameters, typed using italic letters (in case the manuscript has been drafted in English, parameters found in Tables and Figures should be accommodated with their Turkish translations, such as;


Table 3. Some pomological properties of peach varieties

Çizelge 3. Denemede yer alan şeftali çeşitlerinin bazı pomolojik özellikleri



Meyve ağırlığı(g)

Fruit weight (g)

Meyve eni (mm)

Fruit width (mm)

Meyve boyu(mm)

Fruit length (mm)

Çekirdek ağırlığı (g)

Kernel weight (g)


78.19 c

50.73 b

48.48 c

5.06 b


129.58 b

61.69 ab

59.56 b

8.31 a


218.73 a

74.37 a

76.70 a

8.24 ab


17. Decimal numbers in the manuscripts as well as in Tables/Figures must be separated using a dot (.) and thousands digits must be separated with a space (e.g., 123.87; 0.987; 1 375 000; 3 558 etc.).  

18Units:  International Unit System (SI) must be followed in drafting manuscripts. And so, instead of using g/l and mg/l, g l-1 and mg l-1 or ppm (parts per million) notations must be used. Percentages must be explanatory such as, instead of using 3 %, 3 % (w/v), 3 % (v/v), and 3 % (w/w) etc. must be used.

19Abbreviations and Symbols: Titles of all sorts should include no abbreviations. Neccessary abbreviations may be placed in parentheses, where concepts are first encountered. Abbreviations and Symbols must comply with the general rules of the relevant study field.       

20. Formulae: The formulae must be referred to as “Equality” throughout the manuscript and typed in italic.  Multiple formulae, if any, should be numbered consecutively with their numbers placed in parentheses next to them, squeezed to the right-hand margin. 

21. First draft of the manuscript should not exceed 25 pages.



Citation Examples

It was taken from Murdoch University Web Site.



Single author


 The short references within the text are given wholly or partly in round brackets.

 Use only the surname of the author followed by a comma and the year of publication:

(Matthews, 1999)

 Include page, chapter or section numbers if you need to be specific. The abbreviation for page is p. and the abbreviation for pages is pp.:

Matthews discusses the role of drawings in the psychological evaluation of children (1979, pp. 34-35). OR

... in the psychological evaluation of children has been studied elsewhere (Matthews, 1979, pp. 34-35).

Two authors

 Cite both authors every time you cite within the text.

 Separate the the authors' names in the citation with an "&":

(Lawson & Green, 1997, pp. 34-35)

 When the authors' names are incorporated into the text the "&" is replaced with "and". Always cite both names every time the reference occurs in the text:

Lawson and Green (1997, pp. 34-35) were unable ...



Three or more authors

 The first citation in the text of a work with three, four or five authors gives the surnames of all the authors:

Wasserstein, Zappulla, Rosen, Gerstman, and Rock (2004, p. 301) have found ... OR

... as has been found in a previous study (Wasserstein, Zappulla, Rosen, Gerstman, & Rock, 2004, p. 301).

 In subsequent citations in the text, only the surname of the first listed author is used, followed by the expression "et al." which means "and others":

Wasserstein et al. (2004, p. 301) have found...

 If there are six or more authors, only the surname of the first author is used, followed by et al.:

Littlewood et al. (1997) have found ... OR

... as has been previously demonstrated (Littlewood et al., 1997).

Volume numbers included

• Include volume numbers within the citation between the year and the page numbers.

 If more than one volume is given separate with a ";":

This theory is dealt with in detail by Brysen (2003, vol. 2, p. 23; vol. 3, pp. 17-36).

Authors with the same surname

• Make a distinction between authors with the same surname by including the author's initials.

• If the author's surname is incorporated in the text place the initials before the surname; if it is a citation within brackets the initials follow the surname:

The theory was propounded in 1970 (Larsen A.E., 2001) ...

M.K. Larsen (2003) is among those ...

Multiple works by the same author in the same year

• A distinction is made by adding lower case letters, a, b, c, etc. to the date.

• These letters are also included in the full reference in the reference list to distinguish between the two documents:

Bursch (2005a) described how the yak made transport possible in the high mountains of Inner Asia, as did the llama in the Andes of South America (Bursch, 2005b).

Corporate author

• These are works without a personal author.

• Corporate authors may be associations, agencies like government departments, corporations or organisations.

• Names of organisations should be given in full the first time they are cited within the text.

 In subsequent citations, these names may be abbreviated in the text if the abbreviation is meaningful or well known:

(CSIRO, 1999) ...

As predicted by the Centre of Independent Studies (1997) ...

More than one work cited

 List all sources of information either in the text or within the citation separated by a semicolon (;):

(Haddon, 1999; Larsen, 1991) ...

Haddon (1999) and Larsen (1991) demonstrated that ...

(Haddon, 1999, vol. 3, p. 734; Larsen, 1991, p. 11)


No author

• When a work has no author or the author is anonymous, cite in the text the first few words of the reference list entry (usually the title) and the year.

 Use italics for the title:

This was apparently not the case in seventeenth-century England (On Travelling to London, 1683) ... OR

On Travelling to London (1683) reveals that this was not true.

No date of publication

 Use the abbreviation n.d. to indicate that no date of publication is given:

Carruthers (n.d.) has suggested ... OR

(Carruthers, n.d.)



• If the author of the article is named, cite in the normal way with the author and date. If there is no author given, cite the newspaper title in italics.

• Include the specific date as well as year and page or section numbers if appropriate:

(Canberra Times, 24 Jan. 1997, p. B6) ...

The Weekend Australian (24-25 Jan. 1997, p. 19) reported ...

APA Style Reference Examples


American Educational Research Association. (1985). Standards for educational and psychological testing. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Angus, J. (2006). Gorilla, Gorilla, Gorilla [wood veneers, nylon]. Perth: Art Gallery of Western Australia.

Australia. Department of Health and Aged Care. (1999). Mental health: A report focusing on depression, 1998. Canberra, ACT: AGPS.

Australia. Department of Health and Aged Care. (2000). National Youth Suicide Prevention Strategy. Retrieved from

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (1997). Mental health and wellbeing: Profile of adults, Western Australia (cat. no. 4326.5). Retrieved from AusStats:

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (1999). Australia's young people: Their health and wellbeing, the report on the health of young people aged 12-24 years. Canberra, ACT: AIHW.

Bedford, P. (2001). Dingo dreaming [ochre on canvas]. Reproduced in McCulloch, S., & McCulloch Childs, E. (2008). McCulloch's contemporary Aboriginal art : The complete guide (p.154). Fitzroy, Vic: McCulloch & McCulloch Australian Art Books.

Bickman, L., & Ellis, H. (Eds.). (1990). Preparing psychologists for the 21st century: Proceedings of the National Conference on Graduate Education in Psychology, 1988, University of Utah. Hillsdale, NJ: L. Erlbaum.

The Blackwell dictionary of cognitive psychology. (1991). Oxford, England: Blackwell.

Bolton, G. C. (Speaker). (1975). Towards an Australian environmental history [Cassette recording]. Perth, WA: Media Services, Murdoch University.

Bond, L., Carlin, J. B., Thomas, L., Rubin, K., & Patton, G. (2001). Does bullying cause emotional problems? A prospective study of young teenagers. BMJ, 323, 480-484. doi:10.1136/bmj.323.7311.480

Borman, W. C., Hanson, M. A., Oppler, S. H., Pulakos, E. D., & White, L. A. (1993). Role of early supervisory experience in supervisor performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 78, 443-449. doi:10.1037/0021-9010.78.3.443

Colclough, B., & Colclough, J. (1999). A challenge to change. London, England: Thorsons.

Depression (psychology) (2001). In Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia 2002. Retrieved from

Evans, R. (1973). Labor market information in Japanese labor markets. In Industrialization and manpower policy in Asian countries: Proceedings of the Regional Conference on Industrial Relations, Tokyo, Japan, 1973 (pp. 157-72). Tokyo: Japan Institute of Labour.

Flower, R. (2015, June 1). How a simple formula for resolving problems and conflict can change your reality [Blog post]. Pick The Brain. Retrieved from

French, L. A. (1986). Cognitive consequences of education: transfer of training in the elderly (Ph.D. thesis - University of Illinois, 1980). [Microform]. Ann Arbor, MI: University Microfilms International.

Goldberg, I. (2000). Dr. Ivan's depression central. Retrieved from

Google Maps. (2015, February 5). The British Library, London, UK.  Google. Retrieved from,-0.127676,17z/data=!3m1!4b1!4m2!3m1!1s0x48761b3b70171395:0x18905479de0fdb25

Heimans, R. (1996). Gloves Off (Tom Uren) [oil paint on canvas]. Canberra: National Portrait Gallery. Retrieved from

How to cite references. (1996). Retrieved from Murdoch University Library website:

Kessel, M. (Director). (1995). The Making of a Monologue: Robert Wilson's Hamlet [video,1:02:18 mins]. New York: Cinema Guild. Retrieved January 29, 2015, from Theatre in Video.

Kissane, K. (1998, September 5). Kiss or kill: Who is the victim when a battered woman kills? The Age: Extra, p. 6.

Kubler-Ross, E. (1993a). AIDS: The ultimate challenge. New York, NY: Collier Books.

Kubler-Ross, E. (1993b). Questions and answers on death and dying. New York, NY: Collier Books.

Lampathakis, P. (1997, August 11). Tantrums seen as suicide warning. The West Australian, p. 26. Retrieved November 21, 2001, from Factiva.

Leunig, M. (1995, July 27). Thoughts of a baby lying in a child care centre. The Sydney Morning Herald, p24.

Mandl, H., et al. (Eds.). (n.d.). Learning and instruction: European research in an international context (Vol. 2). Oxford, UK: Pergamon.

Matthews, J. (1999). The art of childhood and adolescence: The construction of meaning. London, England: Falmer Press.

Mental disorders and their treatment. (1987). In The new encyclopaedia Britannica (5th ed., Vol. 23, pp. 956-975). Chicago, IL: Encyclopaedia Britannica.

Milnes, G. M. (1998). Adolescent depression: The use of generative instruction to increase rational beliefs and decrease irrational beliefs and depressed mood. Unpublished M.Appl.Psy. thesis, Murdoch University, Perth, Western Australia.

Murdoch University Library. (2017, February 22). In a dedication ceremony on Tuesday, Murdoch University celebrated the naming of the Library after eminent historian and Murdoch icon, the late Emeritus Professor Geoffrey Bolton [Facebook status update]. Retrieved from

Newbold, C. R. (2014). Can I Use that Picture? The Terms, Laws, and Ethics for Using Copyrighted Pictures. The Visual Communication Guy. Retrieved from

Newcomb, H. (Ed.). (2000). Television: The critical view (6th ed). New York: Oxford University Press.

The pain of being a caffeine freak. (2001, October 6). New Scientist, 172(2311), 27.

Parker, G., & Roy, K. (2001). Adolescent depression: A review. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 35, 572-580.

Patton, G. C., et al. (1996). Is smoking associated with depression and anxiety in teenagers? American Journal of Public Health, 86, 225+. Retrieved November 20, 2001, from ProQuest.

Payne, S. (1976). 'Dangerous and different': reconstructions of madness in the 1990s and the role of mental health policy. In Watson, S. & L. Doyal (Eds.), Engendering social policy (pp.180-195). Philadelphia, PA: Open University Press.

Rosenthal, R., Rosnow, R. L., & Rubin, D. B. (2000). Contrasts and effect sizes in behavioral research: A correlational approach. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Russell, B. (1967). The autobiography of Bertrand Russell (Vols. 1-3). London, England: Allen & Unwin.

Russell, G. (Writer, Producer and Narrator), & Wiseman, P. (Producer). (1995). Tackling bullies: An Australian perspective [Video recording]. Melbourne, VIC: Video Classroom.

Setrakian, L. (2017, January). Lara Setrakian: 3 ways to fix a broken news industry. [Video file]. Retrieved from broken_news_industry#t-521404

Snyder, C. R. (Ed.). (1999). Coping: The psychology of what works. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

StudentVIP. (2017). Lost on Campus (Version 4.1.3) [Mobile application software]. Retrieved from

Western Australia. Office of Citizenship and Multicultural Interests. (2000). 2000 migrant services directory: A Western Australian guide for migrants and service providers. Perth, WA: Office of Citizenship and Multicultural Interests.





1.    Manuscripts should be prepared to have the width at 3 cm for all margins, and typed on A4 papers (21 cm x 29.7 cm).

2.    Manuscripts accepted for publication in HJAFS should be typed using Calibri font 12 pt. but this time without the line numbers put earlier in the reviewing process. Abstracts should be typed using 10 pt. font size (plain, no bold and adjusted).

3.    Turkish title must be typed using small letters in 14 pt font bold and adjusted with each word starting with a capital letter. 

4.    Names of authors should be typed using 12 pt. font (plain, bold and adjusted) and be placed after the Turkish title with a space between each author.   

5.    A number must be assigned as a superscript located at the end of the names to indicate adress information and the symbol * should be used to indicate the corresponding authorship. 

6.    Adress lines must be typed using 10 pt. font (plain and adjusted), following the names of authors with a space between each author. The address line should include the ORCID number of the author at the end of it.   

7.    E-mails of the corresponding authors must be provided underneath the adress lines.  

8.    An empty line should be supplied between Öz and Anahtar Kelimeler as well as between Abstract and Key Words.

9.    The words “Anahtar Kelimeler” and “Key Words” must be typed in a single column using 10 pt. font in bold and squeezed to the left.

10.  There must be two line breaks between the corresponding author’s e-mail and abstract and the same goes between the key words and the title. Öz and abstract must be typed plain in a single column using 10 pt. font.    

11. Abstract and Key Words must be typed in bold with no indentation. Key Words must be typed plain and squeezed to the left.   

12. Two empty lines must be provided between Key Words and introduction. The main text should be typed using Calibri font 12 pt. size.  

13. Main titles of the text must be typed using Calibri font 12 pt. in bold with words each starting with a capital letter. Subtitles must start with words each starting with a capital letter typed using Calibri font 12 pt. in italic.  

14. No line numbers should be assigned to main titles and subtitles. Allow a single empty line between main titles and the beginning of the text as well as between the main titles and the end of the text.

15. Titles of Tables should be placed above and of Figures be placed below them, typed 10 pt. font (indented 1 cm inside) with the words starting with a capital letter, allowing line break of 1.15 width.

16. A line break should be applied before and after the Tables and Figures. Contents of Tables and Figures should be typed using 10 pt. font.    

17. References must be typed using 10 pt. font with a line break of 1.0 width. First lines of the references must be flashed to the left-hand side margin with their following lines indented 1 cm inside.   

18.  Manuscripts accepted for publication must be revised using only minor editorial modifications, complying with the rules given above. Contents of the manuscripts may not be altered by authors once they are accepted.   

19. All responsibilities for the errors appeared after the publication belong to the author(s). Other errors arising from the publication committee are subject to corrections.  

20. All responsibilities belong to the authors writing the paper published in HJAFS. Manuscripts must be prepared complying to ethical rules, accompanied by a copy of ethical committee report, if neccessary.



It is stronly advised that authors have a look at the papers published in the latest volumes, visiting the journal’s web site and then they revise their manuscripts for publication.





Harran Journal of Agricultural and Food Sciences has a publication fee of 100 Turkish Liras payable to the following journal account after the manuscript has been accepted. There is a fee waiver publicy applicable to manuscripts comming from the third world countries. The receipt for the money wired to our bank account must be uploaded in PDF format by entering the Harran Journal of Agricultural and Food Sciences via user information over the Dergipark system


Harran Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Tarım ve Gıda Bilimleri Dergisi (Harran Journal of Agricultural and Food Sciences)


Bank Account Information:

Türkiye İş Bankası Harran Üniversitesi Şubesi, ŞANLIURFA

Account Number: 6705-0010252

IBAN : TR62 0006 4000 0016 7050 0102 52