Year 2019, Volume 9 , Issue 4, Pages 2157 - 2165 2019-12-01

Heterojen Katalizör Tasarımlı Biyodizel Üretimi
Production Biodiesel of Heterogeneous Catalyst Designed

Zafer Ömer ÖZDEMİR [1] , Halil MUTLUBAŞ [2]


Biyodizel, hayvansal ve bitkisel yağların katalizör eşliğinde kısa zincirli alkoller ile (metil alkol gibi) transesterifikasyon reaksiyonu sonucu oluşan sıvı formlu bir yakıttır. Bu çalışmada mısır yağı kullanılarak biyodizel (Yağ Asidi Metil Esterleri) üretimi gerçekleştirildi. Biyodizel üretimi için kitosan biyopolimerinin –NH2 grubunun klasik ısıtma yöntemleriyle, farklı yapıdaki aminoasitlerin modifikasyonu sağlanarak heterojen katalizörler tasarlandı. Tasarlanan katalizörler ile biyodizel üretimi iki farklı şekilde gerçekleştirildi. İlk olarak geleneksel yöntemlerle biyodizel üretimi gerçekleştirildi. Daha sonra mikrodalga destekli biyodizel üretimi gerçekleştirildi. Elde edilen biyodizel yakıtlarının kalite kontrolü için; % verim testi, viskozite tayini, parlama noktası tayini, UV-VIS analizi, pH tayini ve yoğunluk analizleri yapıldı. Tasarlanan katalizörlerin biyodizel üretimindeki etkileri çizelgeler halinde gösterildi ve elde edilen sonuçlar TS EN 14214 yakıt standardına göre kıyaslandı. Üretilen biyodizel numunelerinin yakıt özelliklerinde iyileşme görüldü.
Biodiesel is a liquid form fuel formed by transesterification reaction of animal and vegetable oils with short-chain alcohols (such as methyl alcohol) in the presence of catalyst. In this study, biodiesel (Fatty Acid Methyl Esters) was produced by using corn oil. For the production of biodiesel, heterogeneous catalysts have been designed by modifying the amino acids of different structure with the classical heating methods of the -NH2 group of chitosan biopolymer. Biodiesel production with designed catalysts was carried out in two different ways. In the first instance biodiesel production was carried out by traditional methods. Subsequent to, microwave-assisted biodiesel production was performed. For the quality control of biodiesel fuels obtained; % yield test, viscosity determination, flash point determination, UV-VIS analysis, pH determination and density analysis were performed. The effects of designed catalysts on biodiesel production are shown in tables and the results are compared according to TS EN 14214 fuel standard. The fuel properties of the produced biodiesel samples improved.
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Primary Language tr
Subjects Engineering, Chemical
Published Date Aralık-2019
Journal Section Kimya / Chemistry, Kimya Mühendisliği / Chemical Engineering
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-8362-3136
Author: Zafer Ömer ÖZDEMİR

Orcid: 0000-0002-8079-5290
Author: Halil MUTLUBAŞ (Primary Author)
Country: Turkey


Supporting Institution Kırklareli Üniversitesi
Project Number KLÜBAP-088
Thanks Bu çalışma Kırklareli Üniversitesi Bilimsel Araştırma Projeleri Koordinatörlüğü tarafından, KLÜBAP-088 numaralı proje ile desteklenmiştir.
Dates

Application Date : April 23, 2019
Acceptance Date : July 8, 2019
Publication Date : December 1, 2019

Bibtex @research article { jist557172, journal = {Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology}, issn = {2146-0574}, eissn = {2536-4618}, address = {}, publisher = {Igdir University}, year = {2019}, volume = {9}, pages = {2157 - 2165}, doi = {10.21597/jist.557172}, title = {Heterojen Katalizör Tasarımlı Biyodizel Üretimi}, key = {cite}, author = {Özdemi̇r, Zafer Ömer and Mutlubaş, Halil} }
APA Özdemi̇r, Z , Mutlubaş, H . (2019). Heterojen Katalizör Tasarımlı Biyodizel Üretimi . Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology , 9 (4) , 2157-2165 . DOI: 10.21597/jist.557172
MLA Özdemi̇r, Z , Mutlubaş, H . "Heterojen Katalizör Tasarımlı Biyodizel Üretimi" . Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology 9 (2019 ): 2157-2165 <http://www.dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jist/issue/50142/557172>
Chicago Özdemi̇r, Z , Mutlubaş, H . "Heterojen Katalizör Tasarımlı Biyodizel Üretimi". Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology 9 (2019 ): 2157-2165
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Heterojen Katalizör Tasarımlı Biyodizel Üretimi AU - Zafer Ömer Özdemi̇r , Halil Mutlubaş Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.21597/jist.557172 DO - 10.21597/jist.557172 T2 - Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 2157 EP - 2165 VL - 9 IS - 4 SN - 2146-0574-2536-4618 M3 - doi: 10.21597/jist.557172 UR - https://doi.org/10.21597/jist.557172 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology Heterojen Katalizör Tasarımlı Biyodizel Üretimi %A Zafer Ömer Özdemi̇r , Halil Mutlubaş %T Heterojen Katalizör Tasarımlı Biyodizel Üretimi %D 2019 %J Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology %P 2146-0574-2536-4618 %V 9 %N 4 %R doi: 10.21597/jist.557172 %U 10.21597/jist.557172
ISNAD Özdemi̇r, Zafer Ömer , Mutlubaş, Halil . "Heterojen Katalizör Tasarımlı Biyodizel Üretimi". Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology 9 / 4 (December 2019): 2157-2165 . https://doi.org/10.21597/jist.557172
AMA Özdemi̇r Z , Mutlubaş H . Heterojen Katalizör Tasarımlı Biyodizel Üretimi. J. Inst. Sci. and Tech.. 2019; 9(4): 2157-2165.
Vancouver Özdemi̇r Z , Mutlubaş H . Heterojen Katalizör Tasarımlı Biyodizel Üretimi. Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology. 2019; 9(4): 2157-2165.